English Version Below
Auf deutsch als Podcast-Version hier.
We like to introduce you to a new term and its practice: Pre-Use.
Pre-Use means to – use something for something different than it is intended for but in a way that it still works for the initially intended use afterwards.
So you don’t destroy it. You just use it differently without undermining its ability to serve as planned by the original designer.
Examples (More here):
What does it mean? Here is a good example: Umschichten collaborated with the french group BellaStock on a project where they borrowed wooden sticks from a building material store to build infrastructure for an event. They did not cut or paint or drilled the sticks – they did no harm at all! So when the festival was over the sticks were still the same and could be returned to the hardware store to be sold for their initial use.
Some more examples of Pre-Use:
Why are Pre-Use and Circularity are such a good combination?
Pre-Use & Circularity – A Perfect Team
Pre-Use is a very good approach to Circularity! A few reasons why:
- Modularity – Most examples of Pre-Use point to already existing cases of Modularity. And the most beautiful cases of Pre-Use might be the ones, where the Pre-Use version still works after the initially planned use like the flower pot still works as an ashtray before and after it was used for flowers. Pre-Use helps us to find what is already there! We don’t have to invent new modular systems! Therefore Pre-Use can inspire or teach design for circularity!
- Pre-Use = Re-Use = ReDuce! – A complex world of products presents a problem for sustainable Circularity. The more different products are there the more complex it becomes to organize repairing, reusing and recycling of parts and materials. Pre-Use might enable us to shrink down complexity. We just need one factory for flowerpots – and not a second one for ashtrays too. PreUse allows to reduce complexity. Make more with less through multi-use.
- DIY Circularity; Save Resources @Home & @Work Now! – 40% of our carbon footprint is produced by goods like shoes, furniture, smartphones and so on. If you pre-use things at home you have more solutions but fewer things. Modularity can create wealth with less resources! Pre-use can help to grow kids more sustainably for example or create sustainable exhibitions. All in all: If you shop smart and look for pre-usability in the things you buy it might result into a much more sustainable life-style. Many people would love to buy circular products as part of them helping to stop environmental pollution. But there aren’t a lot of products in the market. Pre-Use is their DIY-circularity solution!
- Circular Design Inspiration & Task – Pre-Use points to existing cases of working circular modularity in our already built world! This makes it a good thing to study for designers of circular solutions. Go, take and modify what is already there and close to work perfectly! Sometimes you just need to make some minor modifications to make one object perfect for several uses: Redesign the pipe-holder in the example above so that it looks and works good in both cases for pipes and curtains.
- A Joker For Education – Pre-Use makes it easy to explain the most important message for people that want to implement circularity: Don’t use anything before you know what will happen with it after the first use! Always have a plan for what comes after that is not “throw it in the trash” before you start at all.
That might make in fact Pre-Use the single great rule or the perfect basic operation to make a circular world emerge! Imagine everyone would make this a basic rule: „You always have to have at least 3 positive ideas about the future use before you start to use something“ – a circular world would emerge from that quickly! Pay it forward! (Read a bit more about this here).
+ 3erlin Grid & Openness – The Open Structures and our 3erlin Grid idea is a perfect example for PreUse-Design! Design for multi-reusabiliy! And there you can see that Openness is a key for Pre-Use or that the best Pre-Use-Ideas are probably impossible to design protect anyway.
And Now: Grow The Collection
We will play with Pre-Use at Mifactori a lot more and explore it! We have a Pre-Use-Category here on our page where you can see others posts talking about Pre-Use and sharing examples.
And we have also a huge Flickr album with lots and lots of examples we update every now and then.
And here is an open collection of Pre-Use examples on the OSCEdays forum where you can contribute to.
And now: Pre-Use! And talk about it. For example by sharing this article.
The basic concept of Pre-Use (without the “leave it intact” part) is of course as old as humanity probably itself and was often promoted with different terms. Here we start a collection of links and hints we found.
- “Kaufhaus des Ostens” (Brandolini, Morrison, Stantizek) – When teaching at the HBKsaar in 2019 I learned that one of the old professors did in the 80s an interesting project and publication called “Kaufhaus des Ostens” (“Mall of the East”) with many Pre-Use like solutions. The publication is hard to find but really beautiful and interesting and recommendable.